As you know Budapest is divided in the parts Buda (the hilly and smaller part in the west) and Pest (the flat, larger part in the east). These 2 major parts of Budapest are connected by bridges for cars, pedestrians, public transport as well as trains. Within Budapest there are 7 bridges which are described below and in the north and the south of Budapest there are 2 more bridges crossing the Danube on M0, the highway around Budapest.
Árpád híd (engl. Árpád bridge) is the most northern bridge in Budapest connecting Buda and Pest across the Danube. It is the longest bridge in Hungary with around 2km if you consider the sections leading up to the bridge. Without these sections Árpád híd is 928m long and 35.3m wide.
In Buda the bridge ends in Szentlélek tér. Árpád híd is the northern entrance to Margaret Island and it overlooks Óbuda Island as well.
The construction started in 1939 after the plans of János Kossalka and ended only in 1950 due to the second world war.
The Margit híd (engl. Margaret Bridge)is a the second northernmost bridge in Budapest connecting Buda and Pest. It is also and second oldest bridge in Budapest.
The French engineer Emile Gouin and his company Maison Émile Gouin planned and constructed the bridge between 1872 and 1876. Margit híd was the second permanent bridge in Budapest after Széchenyi híd (Chain bridge). Margaret híd leads to the Margaret island from the southern side of the island whereas Árpád híd leads from the northern part. The bridge is split into two parts enclosing 150 degrees with each other because of the connection to Margit island.
On the Pest side Margaret bridge ends in Jászai Mari tér and on the Buda side in Germanus Gyula park. The bridge is 637.5 m in length and 25 m in width.
Széchenyi lánchíd (engl. Chain Bridge) is probably the most fascinating bridge in Budapest as it is lighted at night and gives he city a lot of beauty and glamor. Széchenyi Lánchíd was the first bridge leading across the Danube and was designed by the English engineer William Tierney Clark in 1839. The official opening was in 1849 and is 202m long. The legendary lions at the abutments were added in 1852.
On Pest side Széchenyi Lánchíd ends in Roosevelt Square and on Buda side in Adam Clark Square.
Erzsébet híd (engl. Elisabeth Bridge) is the second newest bridge of Budapest. It is situated between Lánchíd and Szabadság híd and measures 290m in length. The name comes from Queen Elisabeth who was tragically assassinated even she was a very popular Queen of Austria-Hungary.
On the Buda side at the foot of Gellért Hill and on the Pest side on March 15th square. Erzsébet híd was built between 1897 and 1903.
As well as other bridges in Budapest the Erzsébet híd was blown up in world war 2 but it was not possible to rebuild the original form.
The Szabadság híd (engl. Liberty or Freedom Bridge) in Budapestis the third southernmost public bridge in Budapest and is located at the southern end of the downtown. On Buda side it ends in Gellért tér and on Pest side in Fővám tér (with the Great Market Hall). Szabadság híd was built between 1894 and 1896 by János Feketeházy. The bridge imitates the general outline of a chain bridge but is different in its structure. Szabadság híd is 333.6 m long and 20.1 m wide. It is one of the most used bridges in Budapest by cars, trams and pedestriants but according to rumors it is supposed only to be used by pedestriants as soon as the fourth Metro line is opend up which can still take several years.