The Millennium Underground is another name given to the first metro line, or M1, in Budapest which was completed in 1896 and was declared a world heritage site in 2002. It is the oldest line of the Budapest Metro system. The Millennium Underground or as the locals call it, the underground, is the second oldest underground metro system in the world, second only to the London Underground. Construction on the millennium underground began in 1894 and was the first underground railway in Continental Europe. Construction was carried out by the German firm Siemens & Halske AG, employing 2000 workers and using the cut and cover method. During the millennium celebrations in Hungary the Millennium Underground was the main venue and the centre of celebrations.
The millennium underground still runs today and is found running under historic Andrassy ut and it runs northeast from the city centre to City Park. It’s history is very rich and was originally conceived as a means of carrying passengers from the city centre to the City Park without the need for surface transport on Andrassy Avenue. Originally it ran from Vorosmarty Square to the City Park with a distance of 3.7 kilometres with a total of eleven stations with nine underground and two above ground. The original terminal at the Zoo has since been replaced. Originally it was capable of carrying up to 35 000 passengers per day while today it is capable of carrying up to 103 000 passengers on a workday.
Images of the Millenium Underground M1
Vörösmarty Square (Vörösmarty tér) – Deák Ferenc Square (Deák Ferenc tér) – Bajcsy-Zsilinszky Street (Bajcsy-Zsilinszky út) – Opera – Oktogon – Vörösmarty Street (Vörösmarty utca) – Kodály circus (Kodály körönd) – Bajza Street (Bajza utca) – Heroes’ Square (Hősök tere) – Széchenyi Baths (Széchenyi fürdő) – Mexikói Street